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Why The Names Are So………?

In computers and IT world, we encounter many peculiar names for software products, companies and people. Have you ever wondered why the names were kept so? Each name comes from its own story. Below I discuss some very interesting names and tell the stories behind them. So shall we start…?

Most of you know how the Google got its name. But still we share it.
The name started as a joke boasting about the amount of information the search-engine would be able to search. It was originally named ‘Googol’, a word for the number represented by 1 followed by 100 zeros. After founders – Stanford graduates Sergey Brin and Larry Page presented their project to an angel investor, they received a cheque made out to ‘Google’.

Linus Torvalds had wanted to call his operating system as Freax, which tells its FREE and X (derived from UNIX). During the start of his work on the system, he stored the files under the name "Freax" for about half of a year.
In order to facilitate development, the files were uploaded to the FTP server. Ari Lemmke was Linus Torvald’s co-worker at Helsinki University and he was also in charge of FTP server administration at Helsinki. He named the project "Linux" on the FTP server without enquiring Linus Torvalds.

cisco is named after the city San Francisco. The cisco is written in small letters.

4. UNIX:
The name Unix stems from a joke one of Thompson’s colleagues made: Because the new operating system supported only one user (Thompson), he saw it as an emasculated version of Multics and dubbed it "Un-multiplexed Information and Computing Service," or UNICS. The name later morphed into Unix.

The co-founders of HP Bill Hewlett and David Packard tossed a coin to decide whether the company they founded would be called Hewlett-Packard or Packard-Hewlett.

6. ZYNGA :

As you know Zynga Inc is a game developer for social network sites. The company develops games for FACEBOOK and MYSPACE. The co-founder of Zynga Mark Pincus owned a American Bulldog whose name was ZYNGA. And the company got its name after dog.

7. WIPRO: Wipro is a global IT consulting and services company. Wipro was initially set up as a vegetable oil manufacturer in 1945. At that time, the company was called Western India Vegetable Products Limited. (Later abbreviated down to WIPRO.)

8. A.OUT :
If you are programming in Linux using C or C++ then you might be familiar with "A.OUT". This is name of the executable output file. Have you ever thought why its name is so?
Its because when Dennis Ritchie and Ken Thompson were developing UNIX , there was no C compiler, they used PDP – 7 machine which has got an assembler and its output was called ASSEMBLER OUTPUT (a.out). So even now its called a.out

Its a company that develops COREL DRAW software which is used for graphic manipulation. The name was derived from the founder’s name Dr. Michael Cowpland. It stands for Cowpland Research Laboratory.

10. NERO Burning ROM:
NERO is a very famous and most popular CD/DVD burning software. Its name has been derived from Roman emperor Nero Claudius Germanicus, who is said to have been playing music while Rome city was under fire. NERO application got its name from the phrase "NERO of Burning Rome".

11. EPSON :
Epson is a printer company. It stands for ‘Son Of Electronic Printers’.

12. BENQ:
Benq is a Thaiwanese company which manufactures consumer electronics. BENQ stands for Bringing Enjoyment and Quality to life.

Apache is a most widely used HTTP server. It was developed on top of NCSA’s httpd daemon by applying series of patches. The result was ‘A Patchy Server’. Later it became Apache server in usage.

14. ADOBE:
Adobe founders John Warnock and Charles Geschke named it after the river "ADOBE CREEK" that ran behind John Warnock’s house.

Accenture is a short for ‘Accent Into The Future’. The name Accenture was suggested by one of its employees as a part of internal name finding contest for Accenture employees.

16. INTEL: Intel was founded by Robert Noyce and Garden Moore. 80% of the processors used around the world are manufactured by Intel. Intel stands for INTEGRATED ELECTRONICS.

The company’s founder, Larry Ewing was presented a Cornell Lacrosse Team Cap while at college by his grandfather. Unfortunately he lost it and desparately kept looking for it. So when he released the Beta version of Linux, he named it Red Hat and in the Reference Manual, he requested the readers to return his cap to him if anyone has it.

18. SUN Microsystems:
SUN is a acronym for Stanford University Network as its co-founders Scott McNealy, Vinod Khosla and Andy Bechtolshiem were graduated from Stanford University.

It was started in 1875 as Tokyo Electric Works by Hisashige Tanaka in Japan. In 1939 it merged with Shibuara company and formed TOKYO SHIBUARA ELECTRIC COMPANY. It was officially renamed as Toshiba in 1978.

20. SONY :
Akio Morita and Masaru Ibuka formed Tokyo Telecommunications Engineering Corporation in 1946. It was later renamed as SONY. It originated from Latin word ‘SONUS’ meaning sound, and ‘SONNY’ a slang used by Americans to refer to a bright youngster.

21. AT & T :
It was founded by Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of telephone in 1876. It stands for American Telephone & Telegraphy.

22. SPRINT :
It is a second largest telecom provider in United States. SPRINT got its name from its parent company, Southern Pacific Railroad INTernal Communications.

Nintendo is a famous gaming console manufacturer. The word Nintendo is composed three Japanese characters Nin-ten-do which means "Heaven Blesses Hard Work".

24. XEROX:
"XER" in greek means Dry. When Chester Carlson first created a photocopier he wanted to stress on the fact that it was a "Dry Printer" unlike the traditional wet ink printer. So it was named XEROX.

As you know, its a multinational mobile phone operator. Its name is made up of VOice, DAta over TeleFONE.

26. YAHOO :
As you know , YAHOO is most widely used search engine after Google. It stands for Yet Another Hierarchical Officious Oracle!. Yahoo derived its name from the word yahoo coined by Jonathan swift in Gulliver’s Travels which means a person who is repulsive in appearance and action and is barely human.

Its name was coined by Bill Gates to represent the company that was devoted MICROcomputer SOFTware. Originally christened Micro-Soft, the ‘-‘ was removed later.



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Browse With Text Browsers

Have you ever  tried to surf the web in text browsers?  There are several web browsers such as Internet Explorer , Firefox and Chrome etc. But all those browsers will show graphical web pages. Then how to browse only textual content?

On UNIX/LINUX platform there are various text browsers available. Using your Linux Terminal/Console you can browse the webpages with the help of these text browsers.

I would like to mention two most popular text browsers available on LINUX platform.


Elinks is the most widely used web browser on Linux platform.  To browse the web with Elinks follow below steps:

Step 1: Open the Terminal.

Step 2: type “ELINKS WWW.GOOGLE.COM” in small letters ( because terminal will interpret it differently).

You will get Google’s homepage with only text written. No images will be displayed.  There are several options available to move forward, come back and all other navigations.

If any website contains images and videos etc then only the text will be displayed. Other graphics related things will not be displayed. Just give a try to it.

2. LYNX:

Lynx is another text browser for the same purpose.  The procedure to browse web using LYNX is similar to as shown for ELINKS.  But ELINKS is more convenient.  But LYNX is also not bad.

You can open any website by entering its URL in terminal preceded by either ELINKS or LYNX.

One big advantage of using text browsers is, if you have internet connection with limited data usage then it can save your lot of usage. Because data usage will be more if images and videos are loaded.

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Website Designing with WordPress

The videos are best played in VLC player.

Part-I (Introduction)


Part-II (Selecting a Good Hosting Site)

Part-III(Registering The Domain Name)

This video is yet to be updated

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SUSE Studio

Since there are many Linux flavors available for us. But they either point desktop users or enterprises etc. The software package contains other unwanted packages also. Many people want to have their own custom Linux OS with their required packages. Now with SUSE Studio you can buld your custom openSUSE linux flavor without the knowledge of programming and hardware etc. What you have to do?

You just have to visit And request for openID with which you can login. And you will get your invitation to mail inbox. After that you have to login. And after that select your OS version such as 32-bit or 64-bit and select the desired packages to include in your custom OS and click on build. Then within some 10 minutes the openSUSE ISO will be ready. You can download it and install. It is very interesting.

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Get Free Ubuntu CD

Canonical Inc, the sponsors of UBUNTU operating system distribute UBUNTU installation CDs for free. So Ubuntu users no need to download it to install. All you have  to do is go to and register in the website. Then you have to order a Ubuntu CD. You can order any version of Ubuntu i.e Ubuntu Desktop, KUbuntu, Edubuntu, Ubuntu Studio, Ubuntu Server Edition etc. And don’t forget to mention your address properly. After requesting you have to wait for 1 and half months. You won’t have to pay even the delivery charges. Go and get it.

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Install Windows within Linux or Install Linux inside Windows

I hope you have heard the term Virtualisation. It means installing one operating system within another OS. Then this OS which is installed is called “Virtual Operating System”. How it is possible?  There are several applications that make it possible. Few among them are:  VirtualBox OSE, Virtual Machine Manager and VMware Player etc.  VirtualBox OSE is most widely used and it is efficient software using which we can install one operating system inside the other.

It is free software and can be downloaded from Its installation is like other softwares. It is available for both Windows and Linux. You can install it in Windows and install virtual OS as Linux and vice versa.  Using this you can install any no. of virtual operating systems.

After installation of VirtualBox, follow the below given steps:

  1. Open VirtualBox.

2. Click on “NEW” to create new virtual machine.
3.  Then a windows appears.  In that click on “NEXT”.
4. In the next window type the name of the operating system you want to install. Then select its type i.e. whether it is WINDOWS or LINUX or UNIX or else MAC etc. And select particular version. Then click on “NEXT”.
5.  In the next window select the size of the memory you want to allocate to VIRTUAL OS. The memory of 256MB is more than enough I think.

6.    In the next window there are two options i.e. you can create new hard disk or you may use existing one if any.

7.   Here I am choosing the option “CREATE NEW HARD DISK”. Then click on “NEXT”.

8.  Again you will be given two options. Whether the hard disk will be of fixed size or dynamically expanding. If we select “DYNAMICALLY EXPANDING” then we can use the memory if needed, otherwise not.

9.  Next allocate the size and location to the virtual hard disk in your main hard disk. You may choose any drive of your hard disk. Allocate at least 5GB of memory for virtual hard disk.

10.  Now you have created space for your virtual OS.

11.  Now in the main window select the OS and click on “START”.

12.  In the next window you have to select the ISO image location of your virtual OS.

13. Now in the window shown click on “ADD” and select the path of ISO image and click on “SELECT”.

14. Now it will start installing the operating system.
15. The next coming procedure is normal as you install your main Operating System.
16. After installing you have restart it and run.
Similarly you can install Windows inside Linux. For more queries comment us or email us at

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What is Your IP address?

Sometimes we need to know what is the IP address of our PC. For that first we need to understand what is IP address. IP address is a number assigned to every computer that is connected to it, to identify it in a network of computers. Every PC connected to internet will have unique IP Address. For Ex: It will be like

There will be two types of IP addresses. One is STATIC  IP and the other is DYNAMIC  IP. Normally the companies and big organisations will be provided with STATIC IP on request. STATIC IP will not change. But for home PCs, the service providers will assign DYNAMIC IPs which changes every time you connect to the Internet.

Here is the way to know your IP address.

Go to . This website immediately shows IP address of your machine. It also shows your location i.e. your city and state , country and the type of connection(BROADBAND or low bandwidth connection ) you have etc.  And it also shows the your PC location in map.

There are so many other sites that tell your IP address like , and etc.

Using the site you can trace location of any PC if you have its IP address. If anybody sends any spam you can trace his loaction if you have his PC IP.

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Install VLC Player in Fedora

step 1: Connect your PC to the internet and then open terminal.

step 2: Become the root user by typing the below command in the terminal.

$> su

Then it will ask for password. Then give the root password. Now you are a super/root user.

step 3: Then type the following commands to install VLC player.

#> rpm -ivh

#> yum install vlc

step 4: Then In the terminal the vlc and other dependency packages will be downloaded and automatically installed.

This process will take around some 20-30 minutes, depending upon your internet speed. Until then you should wait.

step 5: After installing everything it will return user prompt like “linux@host $>” . After that you close the terminal

and open the applications in the main menu. There in “Audio & Video ” column. if you see VLC player option,

then your VLC player is installed properly.

step 6: Now you can open any media file by “open with VLC media player option”.


Installing VLC Plug In for Firefox :

Type the following command in the terminal, it will install VLC plug-In for Firefox.

#> yum install mozilla-vlc

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Install VLC player in Ubuntu

  • Connect to the internet. Open the terminal and type the following command in the command prompt.
    $> sudo apt-get update
  • Then it will ask for password. Give the root password. Then sit quiet for about 15 minutes until it updates its libraries and dependency packages. Then it returns the prompt after updating everything.
  • Now type the following command: $> sudo apt-get install vlc (here $ is only the symbol for prompt. Don’t include this in the command)
  • Now it will take around some 20 minutes to download and install vlc within terminal. Aferwards you can play any file with VLC by “open with VLC player” option.

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Install Ubuntu in your PC

UBUNTU 9.10 installation guide

Hello friends, this guide is aimed to promote the users of UBUNTU. This is dedicated to newbies.

I hope you will follow these steps.

There are two ways to install UBUNTU i.e. You can install it within WINDOWS or you can install it on a separate drive of hard disk along with WINDOWS to use your system in dual boot mode.

Install UBUNTU in a separate drive along with WINDOWS:

  • Insert the bootable CD of UBUNTU 9.10 in the CD-ROM drive.
  • Then you will get the window shown below.

  • Here there are two steps:1. If you want to know how UBUNTU looks and available features in it then select “Try Ubuntu without any change to your computer” option and hit enter. But it will not install ubuntu. 2. If you directly want to install UBUNTU then select “ Install Ubuntu”and press enter.
  • Then wait for 2-3 minutes and you will see one graphical window.

> Here the main installation begins.

This is the 1st step, where you should select the default language for

system. Most people select “English” as their default language.

> This is 2nd step. Here we will choose the timing zone to set our system clock. It is as above.

In this step, we choose the keyboard layout. Most used option is “US keyboard”. You can go to

other options also.

  • The 4th step is most important and dangerous step. While partitioning your hard drive you

have to be very careful to avoid any data loss. If you trying to prepare dual boot system

i.e. If already “WINDOWS” is installed in the PC and in other partition you are

installing UBUNTU then follw these steps:

Here i am installing UBUNTU in virtual system but if you are installing it in the main

system then in the above figure, it will show all the partitions along with their labels. If

WINDOWS is already installed in your system then it will be shown in green color as

above is shown with orange.

> In the above figure, just click on “ specify partitions manually”. Then on “forward”.

> Then you will get the window shown below.

    • In the above window, click on “New Partition Table” and then on “forward” as usual. Then a small window appears to warn you. Simply click on “continue”.
    • Then in next window all the partitions will be shown. Do not disturb the partition containing “WINDOWS” and other partitions where you have stored valuable data.

But click on the partition where you want to put your new UBUNTU system.

Here in the figure, we are not able to show all the partitions properly due to some


Now to partition the desired drive, select that drive and click on the “Add” button as shown in the below figure.

Then a small window appears where you have to specify size of the drive, file system and mount point etc.

Then click on “OK” followed by “forward” as usual.

Once you complete this step carefully then nothing much left.

Now your drive is ready to install UBUNTU. Next following window appears.

Just hit “forward”.

  • In the small window appeared click on “Continue”.
  • Then in the next window you will be asked for “USERNAME” and “PASSWORD” etc. If you want your system to be much secured then try to give strong password consisting of letters, digits and special characters.
  • Click on “Forward”.

  • This is the last step, where you just have to click on “Install” button.
  • And then it will take some some 20-25 minutes to install the whole software. Until then you better to go and have a cup of tea. Start experiencing UBUNTU.

  • This is the last step, where you just have to click on “Install” button.
  • And then it will take some some 20-25 minutes to install the whole software. Until then you better to go and have a cup of tea. Start experiencing UBUNTU.

I hope you will follow these steps. I will be satisfied even if a single person will try this and

install UBUNTU in your PC.

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