Category Archives: IT legends

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Steve Jobs

Steven Paul Jobs is a global icon in the field of computers and technology.  He known for being co-founder and CEO of Apple Inc. Jobs was born in San Francisco and was adopted by  Paul and Clara Jobs who lived in California. Jobs attended Cupertino Junior High School and later Homestead high school in California. He was soon hired at Hewlett-Packard Company and he worked with Steve Wozniak as a summer employee.  In 1974 steve began to attend meetings of HomeBrew Computer Club with Wozniak in California. He took a job as a technician at Atari, a manufacturer of popular video games, with the primary intent of saving money for a spiritual retreat to India. Jobs then traveled to India with a Reed College friend Daniel Kottke, in search of spiritual enlightenment. He came back a Buddhist with his head shaved and wearing traditional Indian clothing.

In 1976, Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak and Ronald Wayne, with later funding from a then-semi-retired Intel product-marketing manager and engineer A.C. “Mike” Markkula , founded Apple. In 1978, Apple recruited Mike Scott from National Semiconductor to serve as CEO for what turned out to be several turbulent years. In May 1985 Jobs was fired from Apple Inc by CEO John Sculley.

After that  Jobs founded another computer company, NeXT Computer. Jobs marketed NeXT products to the scientific and academic fields because of the innovative, experimental new technologies it incorporated (such as the Mach kernel, the digital signal processor chip, and the built-in Ethernet port). In 1986, Jobs bought The Graphics Group (later renamed Pixar) from Lucas film’s computer graphics division for the price of $10 million. In 1996, Apple announced that it would buy NeXT for $429 million. The deal was finalized in late 1996, bringing Jobs back to the company he co-founded. And he soon became the CEO of Apple. Jobs also previously served as chief executive of Pixar Animation Studios; he became a member of the board of The Walt Disney Company in 2006, following the acquisition of Pixar by Disney.

Sabeer Bhatia

Most of the people don’t know that HotMail is invented by Sabeer Bhatia. So I feel proud to write about him.

Sabeer Bhatia was born to Hindu family  in Chandigarh, India.  Bhatia took his school days at St. Joseph’s Boys High School in Bengalore. He finished his under graduation course in Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS) in Pilani. Then he  moved to Stanford  University in 1989 to pursue his M.S in Electrical Engineering. At Stanford he got inspired from entrepreneurs such as Steve Jobs and Scott McNealy. Then he decided to join Apple Inc.

In 1992, he joined a company called  Firepower Systems Inc.  After two years he started working on internet and he was accompanied by Jack Smith who was an Apple Inc  employee.   And they came up with web based database known as Javasoft. They realized the potential of web based email system and created Hotmail. He released HotMail for free to attract the mass. And earned the revenue from advertisement.

It became very popular and within six months there were around 1 million HotMail users. Then Microsoft understood the importance of HotMail and purchased the HotMail from Sabeer Bhatia for about $400 million.

After it sold out, he worked on many other projects such as : In 2007, he released an online alternative to Microsoft Office called Live Documents.; In 2008, SabSe, which was web based free teleconferencing system ;  In future he wanted to to develop a new city in India called Nanocity.

Bill Gates

Bill Gates as you all know the author, chairman and co-founder  of software giant Microsoft. We face lack of words to write about him and his works. And many of you already know lot of things about him. But still I just want to highlight a few things about him.

He remained list of most wealthiest persons from 1995 to 2008. Gates is one of the best known entrepreneurs in the computer industry though he is criticized by some industry experts.

He was born in Seattle Washington to William H. Gates and Mary Maxwell Gates.  At the age of 13 he joined Lakeside school. When he was in eighth standard, Mothers Club at school bought a General Electronic (GE) computer for school students.   Gates took  interest in the Computer i.e. GE. Then he wrote his first computer program on that machine i.e. he implemented the tic-tac-toe game.  Later Bill Gates went to Computer Centre Corporation (CCC) to learn various programming languages such as Lisp, Fortran and Machine Language etc.  Gates graduated from Lakeside school in 1973 and he enrolled at Harvard University. There he met Steve Ballmer who at present is the CEO of Microsoft. He also remained in contact with his school friend Paul Allen. In 1975 they saw the release of MITS Altair computer  based on Intel 8080 CPU. Then gates and Allen thought of establishing their own computer company.

Then these geeks developed an emulator and interpreter for Altair machine known as Altair Basic. And they founded Microsoft.  Then very soon it became popular. And 1976 in became independent of MITS.

In 1980 they had deal with IBM to develop BASIC interpreter for personal computer IBM PC.  After an year or so Microsoft developed an Operating System (OS) known as PC-DOS which was similar to CPM and will run on all PCs.  Microsoft launched its first Windows OS in the year 1985. Later he broadened the range of products to capture the dominant market share. Most of the time Gates role at Microsoft was Management and Executive role. During its initial stage he was an active software developer also. He has appeared in many ads also with the intension of promoting Microsoft’s products. He married Melinda French and he has three children. Now he is working as chief mentor for Microsoft.


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IT Legends

These are the people who had dedicated their life to computer science development. They have done lot of work and spent their whole life time in making computers better so that these can be used for the well fare of mankind. As a result of their dedication and their foresight today we are able make efficient use of computers in everyday life. So this page is to salute those great computer guys or geeks or techies that made the modern computer revolution.

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Heros Behind Opensource

Many great people have dedicated their life and their work to the development of open-source softwares and applications.    So we all should be grateful to them.  Here this community is open-source community is remember their work and follow them.  Few of them which we would like to mention are below:

Linus Torvalds:

Linus is the visionary man behind the today’s Linux Operating System.  His full name is Linus Benedict Torvalds.  He was born in 1969 in Helsinki, Finland. Being the software engineer he initiated the development of Linux kernel.  Now he is the chief architect of Linux Kernel.

King of Linux

Torvalds completed his graduation and master degree in University of Helsinki     (1988-1996)       in Computer Science. In 1990 he was exposed to UNIX for the first time.  His M.Sc thesis was titled  Linux: A Portable Operating System. His work began with Commodore VIC-20. Then he purchased Sinclair QL  operating system. He programmed an assembly language and text editor  for QL . Then in 1991 he purchased an intel 80386 based IBM-PC and began his work on Linux.  In late 1996 , he accepted a position at the company at California, where he worked from 1997 to  2003.  He then moved to the Open Source Development Labs, which has merged with Free Standards Group to become the Linux Foundation, under whose auspices he continued to work. From 1997 to 1999  he was involved in 86open helping to choose the standard binary format for Linux and Unix.  RedHat and VALinux supported Torvalds and they started developing Linux based softwares.  His personal mascot was Penguin nicknamed named TUX, now it has been adopted as mascot of Linux Kernel.

Initially Torvalds wanted to call the kernel he developed as Freax ( which means UNIX like operating system for free) , but his friend who administered the FTP server where the kernel was first hosted for downloading, named Torvalds directory as Linux.  About 2% of the Linux kernel was written by Torvalds.  Torvalds owns the LINUX trademark and monitors use of it through the Linux Mark Institute.


Dennis Ritchie:

Dennis MacAlistair  Ritchie is an American computer scientist notable for influence in C and other programming languages and operating systems like UNIX and Multics. He was born in New York and graduated from Harvard University with degrees in physics  and applied maths.  In 1967 in began working in Bell laboratories.

Ritchie’s important inventions are C (programming language) and UNIX operating system. The C language is widely used in application and operating system development. Ritchie has said that creating the C language “looked like a good thing to do”  and that any one in the same place and same time could have done the same thing.

In 1983  Ritchie and Ken Thompson jointly received the Turing Award for development of generic operating system theory and specifically for the implementation of UNIX operating system.  In 1999 Thompson and Ritchie jointly received National Medal of Technology from president of United States  Bill Clinton.


Ken Thompson:

Kenneth Lane Thompson is a co-founder of UNIX with Dennis ritchie. In 1943 he born was born in Louisiana, United States.  UNIX and its derivatives are known as best operating systems designed ever. He pursued in Bachelor’s(1965) and Master’s degree(1966)  in Electrical Engineering and Computer Science in University of California(Berkely). In 1960 he met Dennis Ricthie at BELL laboratories.  They worked together on various projects like MULTICS(OS) and the major was invention of UNIX operating system in 1969.     Before Ritchie created C , Thompson invented B (programming language needed for UNIX system programming ). Thompson had developed his own version of  QED text  editor which included regular expressions for searching text, which later became the standard text editor “ed” for UNIX. In 1992 Thompson invented UTF-8 ( character encoding scheme) together with Rob Pike. He also developed chess playing software. In 2000 Thompson retired from Bell laboratories and now he is working in Google as a Distinguished Engineer.


Richard Stallman

Richard Mathew Stallman was born on 16th March 1953 in New York. His parents were Daniel Stallman and Alice Lippman. He is a computer programmer.  In 1985 he established the “Free Software Foudation” and and launched GNU(GNU’s Not Unix) project to develop UNIX like free operating system. In mid 1990’s he spent his time in advocating for free software and campaigning against software patents.  He has contributed a lot in developing number of free softwares namely Emacs, GNU Compiler Collection  and GNU Debugger etc.  While pursuing his degree in 1971 in Harvard University, he became a programmer at MIT Artificial Intelligence Laboratory. While graduate student at MIT, Stallman published a paper on Artificial Intelligence Truth Maintenance System called dependency- directed backtracking system.  As a hacker in MIT’s AI laboratory, Stallman worked on software projects like TECOEmacs, and the Lisp Machine Operating System.     Stallman proclaimed the licensing of softwares as “Crime against Humanity”.

Stallman argues that  software users should have freedom to share it  and should be able to change it as per their needs. In 1985, Stallman published the GNU manifesto , which outlined his motivation for creating free operating system similar to UNIX. In 1991, Linus Torvalds a Finnish student used GNU development tools to produce Linux Kernel. Stallman has written many essays on Free Software.  After personal meetings Stallman received many positive complements about the Free Software Movement from then – president of India Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam who himself is a scientist and from president of Equador.

Stallman only computer is Lemote netbook which he chose because it can run with 100% free software even at BIOS level, stating freedom is my priority. He stated that “ I have campaigned for freedom since 1983 and I am not going to surrender that freedom for the sake of more convenient computer.”

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